On the map above you can find the population density in the different areas of Suriname.
Suriname consists of various cultures that came to the country over the years.
These are runaway slaves who fled into the rainforest. Here they formed new tribes and a new culture in Suriname. Maroons, also called forest negroes, originally came from West Africa. With the current generation, the slave time is still deeply rooted.
Creole is the usual indication for a colored person. The ancestors of Creoles come from Africa. An amalgamation of various African cultures with Indian and European influences formed Creole culture. Creoles are known for the “winti”, an Afro-Surinamese religion where supernatural spirits are evoked.
Around 1873 the first Hindustani came from British India to work on the plantations to replace the slaves. Most Hindus live in Nickerie. They are the largest population group in Suriname and are known for their entrepreneurship.
The Javanese came from the Dutch East Indies in the 19th century to work in Suriname. The so-called contract workers worked for the Dutch Trading Company on the plantations. Javanese are known for their good Javanese cuisine.
- Indians are the original inhabitants of Suriname. Some Indian villages have gone along with the developments from the city, but in the villages deeper in the interior life still remains traditional and primitive.
- The first Chinese came to Surinam as workers around 1853. Since then, the Chinese group has grown considerably. They often work in restaurants, trade and road construction.
- Suriname has many more cultures such as Lebanese, Jews, Muslims, Brazilians and Dutch. It is a country where many cultures live side by side in peace and tranquility. Every culture has its own feast days and memorial days and churches.
Particularly the population growth in the districts of Wanica, Commewijne and Para is considerable in 2012. Now, in the year 2018, the population will have grown to more than 560,000 inhabitants.
In Suriname, censuses are held to determine the background of the various population groups. A census is the collection and processing of demographic, social and economic data of all persons in a country at a specific time.
In 2012, the population of Suriname was determined at 541,638 inhabitants, of which 45% in the capital Paramaribo itself. Below is an overview of the latest censuses.
|Volkstelling 1972||Volkstelling 2004||Volkstelling 2012|
The population divided by ethnicity with the growth compared to the previous count:
|1972||2004||2012||% Growth 2004-2012|
In the census of 2012, the separation of religions was as follows:
|Amount 2012||Percent 2012||Growth compared with 2004|
Source: Definitieve resultaten Achtste Algemene Volkstelling (Vol.I), Iwan A. Sno, Directeur, Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek Suriname.