Census Suriname

by Raj

On the map above you can find the population density in the different areas of Suriname.

Suriname consists of various cultures that came to the country over the years.

Maroons
These are runaway slaves who fled into the rainforest. Here they formed new tribes and a new culture in Suriname. Maroons, also called forest negroes, originally came from West Africa. With the current generation, the slave time is still deeply rooted.

Creoles
Creole is the usual indication for a colored person. The ancestors of Creoles come from Africa. An amalgamation of various African cultures with Indian and European influences formed Creole culture. Creoles are known for the “winti”, an Afro-Surinamese religion where supernatural spirits are evoked.

Hindus
Around 1873 the first Hindustani came from British India to work on the plantations to replace the slaves. Most Hindus live in Nickerie. They are the largest population group in Suriname and are known for their entrepreneurship.

Javanese
The Javanese came from the Dutch East Indies in the 19th century to work in Suriname. The so-called contract workers worked for the Dutch Trading Company on the plantations. Javanese are known for their good Javanese cuisine.

Remaining

  • Indians are the original inhabitants of Suriname. Some Indian villages have gone along with the developments from the city, but in the villages deeper in the interior life still remains traditional and primitive.
  • The first Chinese came to Surinam as workers around 1853. Since then, the Chinese group has grown considerably. They often work in restaurants, trade and road construction.
  • Suriname has many more cultures such as Lebanese, Jews, Muslims, Brazilians and Dutch. It is a country where many cultures live side by side in peace and tranquility. Every culture has its own feast days and memorial days and churches.

Particularly the population growth in the districts of Wanica, Commewijne and Para is considerable in 2012. Now, in the year 2018, the population will have grown to more than 560,000 inhabitants.

Districts  2004 2012 Growth rate
Paramaribo
Wanica
Nickerie
Coronie
Saramacca
Commewijne
Marowijne
Para
Brokopondo
Sipaliwini
Totaal:
242.946
85.986
36.639
2.887
15.980
24.649
16.642
18.749
14.215
34.136
492.829
240.924
118.222
34.233
3.391
17.480
31.420
18.294
24.700
15.909
37.065
541.638
-0,8%
37,5%
-6,6%
17,5%
9,4%
27,5%
9,9%
31,7%
11,9%
8,6%
9,9%

In Suriname, censuses are held to determine the background of the various population groups. A census is the collection and processing of demographic, social and economic data of all persons in a country at a specific time.

In 2012, the population of Suriname was determined at 541,638 inhabitants, of which 45% in the capital Paramaribo itself. Below is an overview of the latest censuses.

Volkstelling 1972 Volkstelling 2004    Volkstelling 2012
379.627 492.829 541.638

The population divided by ethnicity with the growth compared to the previous count:

1972 2004 2012 % Growth 2004-2012
Marron
Creool
Hindoestaan
Javaan
gemengd
andere
onbekend
35.838
119.009
142.917
57.688
10
24.155
10
72.553
87.202
135.117
71.879
61.524
31.975
32.579
117.567
84.933
148.443
73.975
72.340
40.985
3.395
62,0%
-2,6%
9,9%
2,9%
17,6%
28,2%
-89,6%
379.627 492.829 541.638 9,9%

In the census of 2012, the separation of religions was as follows:

Amount 2012 Percent 2012 Growth compared with 2004
Christendom
Hindoeïsme
Islam
Other
Unknown

262.320
120.623
75.053
66.560
17.802

48,4%
22,3%
13,9%
12,3%
3,2%

+30,7%
+22,8%
+13,2%
+32,2%
-77,9%

Source: Definitieve resultaten Achtste Algemene Volkstelling (Vol.I), Iwan A. Sno, Directeur, Algemeen Bureau voor de Statistiek Suriname.

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